Vasakronan in 60 seconds
Our amibtion is to be Sweden’s leading property company
- Vasakronan is Sweden’s largest property company with a portfolio comprising 168 properties with a total area of 2.3 million square metres.
- We own, manage and develop centrally located office and retail properties in Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmö and Uppsala. The majority of the portfolio is located in Stockholm.
- The market value of our property portfolio totals around SEK 185 billion.
- The number of employees is approximately 300.
We will achieve this by:
- Generating a high total yield, that should also exceed that of the industry in general.
- Being the preferred choice for tenants looking for office or retail premises.
- Being perceived as the most attractive employer in the industry.
- Assuming social responsibility and striving for long-term sustainable development.
is to generate a high, risk-weighted return for our owners the First, Second, Third and Fourth Swedish National Pension Funds, though never at the expense of the environment and people. A return that will benefit Sweden’s current and future pensioners.
We take responsibility
for the people who are affected by our business. We do so by applying fair work conditions and creating good work and urban environments. It goes without saying that we also say no to any form of discrimination.
We create value
To accomplish our assignment, we must create value in the business. This is achieved through good property management and development, and supplemented by active transactions. Moreover, sustainability is in focus throughout our operations.
The property portfolio
Vasakronan’s strategic direction is to concentrate our property holdings in markets with conditions for strong economic growth and good liquidity for transactions
The portfolio should consist of properties that, over time, are attractive in the rental market in terms of both product and location. The assessment is that office and retail properties in good locations in selected areas have the best conditions. As of 31 March 2022, 75% of the total contracted rent was office premises and 18% was retail, hotel and restaurant premises. The remainder was residential and other premises.
More information about each property is available at Vasakronan’s properties (Swedish only).
Our role in the Swedish pension system
Vasakronan is owned in equal shares by the First, Second, Third and Fourth Swedish national pension funds. Our mission is to make sure they receive a high and risk-weighted return; a return that will benefit Sweden’s current and future pensioners through the Swedish national pension funds.
About the Swedish pension system
In Sweden, everyone who has worked or lived in the country is eligible to receive a national public pension. The national public pension is received from the state and administered by the Swedish Pensions Agency. The national public pension consists of an income pension and a premium pension and is based on all of the income an individual has paid tax on during their working life.
Most people also receive an occupational pension from their employer. In addition to the national public pension and occupational pension, it is also possible for people to have their own private pension savings.
About the national public pension
Pensionable income vested in the national public pension is called pension rights. The total pension right is 18.5 per cent of the pensionable income whereof 16 per cent is allocated to the income pension and 2.5 per cent to the premium pension. The employer is responsible for the payments. Pensionable income includes income from employment and social security benefits and unemployment benefit. Individuals are eligible to receive the national public pension from the age of 62 at the earliest, which then lasts for the rest of the individual’s life.
About the income pension
The Swedish income pension scheme is essentially unfunded. This means that paid pension fees are used to finance the same year’s pension disbursements. To manage the difference between the continuous pension fees and the pension disbursements, reserve capital is in place in the form of buffer funds.
The Swedish national pension funds provide the income pension scheme with strength and stability
There are a total of five buffer funds in Sweden: the First, Second, Third, Fourth and Sixth AP Fund (AP1, AP2, AP3, AP4 and AP6). These are state-owned national public pension funds that Sweden has had since the 1960s when capital was injected into funds from the national budget. Capital is allocated to the funds in the event of a surplus and capital is taken from the funds in the event of a deficit for pension disbursements. The funds manage buffer capital in the income pension scheme and contribute to the Swedish pension system’s long-term funding.
The current Swedish demography means that since 2009, pension fees have not been sufficient to cover the annual pension disbursements. This is the primary reason for today’s system of buffer funds. The capital, approximately 15 per cent of the pension system’s total assets, is currently used to finance annual deficits that are expected to continue until around 2040.
The funds are state-owned agencies whose operations are regulated by the National Pension Insurance Funds (AP Funds) Act. The AP Funds Act was most recently amended on 1 January 2019, partly because the funds received a greater opportunity to invest in unlisted assets. The funds respective Boards are appointed by the government via the Ministry of Finance.
The mission, to manage pension capital within the national public pension system for current and future pensioners, corresponds with those of the funds. However, there are differences when it comes to how the investments are allocated between different asset classes. This is because the Boards of the respective funds make their own decisions within the framework of the AP Funds Act.
There is also a seventh AP fund (AP7). AP7 differentiates from the other funds in so far as that it manages capital in the premium pension system.
Change of control clause, a proof of long-term ownership
Vasakronan is owned by AP1, AP2, AP3 and AP4 and is the funds’ largest investment in the property market. Vasakronan is also the only company that is mutually owned by the four funds.
The Change of control clause that Vasakronan’s lenders are offered is proof of the owners’ long-term nature. The covenant states, inter alia, that a party who lends money to Vasakronan has the right to receive reimbursement if the Swedish national pension funds cease to own 51 per cent of the shares in the company.
Vasakronan also has a credit facility with the owners of SEK 18 billion that can be utilised to cover short-term lending requirements.
On 1 September 2008, Vasakronan and AP Fastigheter merged and created a new, jointly-operated company under the name Vasakronan. This was after 3 July 2008, when AP Fastigheter purchased all shares in Vasakronan from the Swedish state. The purchase price for Vasakronan reflected a property value of SEK 41.1 billion. The acquisition created a property company that is best in its class in Sweden, and one of the major companies in Europe.
AP Fastigheter AB 1998 – 2008
AP Fastigheter was created in 1998 for owning and managing Swedish properties that had previously been owned by the First through Third Swedish national pension funds. There were 274 properties valued at around SEK 20.5 billion. In May 2000, the First through Fifth Swedish National Pension Funds became the more independent First, Second, Third and Fifth Swedish national pension funds, with more relaxed investment rules about capital management. AP Fastigheter is owned in equal shares by the First, Second, Third and Fourth Swedish national pension funds.
The property portfolio is continuously changing through purchases and sales. Some of our major transactions were acquiring Diös in 2001 and Position Stockholm in 2005, and selling all of the portfolio in Umeå in 2003 and the portfolios in Gävle, Falun, Mora and Borlänge in 2005.
1993 – 2008
Vasakronan was established in 1993, when properties worth a total of SEK 17.2 billion were purchased from the Swedish state. Prior to this, they had been managed by Byggnadsstyrelsen. In 1992, Parliament resolved to dissolve what was then Byggnadsstyrelsen and create four new entities: Vasakronan, Akademiska Hus, Statens Fastighetsverk and Statens Lokalförsörjningsverk.
The properties were all over Sweden, from Trelleborg to Karesuando, and in addition to offices contained customised premises for the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sami schools, and prisons.
The establishment of Vasakronan led to a comprehensive restructuring and the property portfolio was refined to comprise commercial properties, offices and retail premises. At the same time, the portfolio’s focus shifted to metropolitan regions. From 1994 – 2007, Vasakronan bought properties for SEK 21.1 billion and sold them for SEK 22.4 billion.
2008 – 2019
- AP Fastigheter purchases Vasakronan from the Swedish state.
- Environmental issues are identified as one of the most important strategic issues in the new company.
- We environmentally certify the company according to ISO 14001.
- The property at Vasagatan 7 in Stockholm becomes Sweden’s first LEED-certified building.
- Together with 12 other companies, we found the Sweden Green Building Council.
- Vasakronan further refines the portfolio and sells the majority of its residential properties.
- We launch and sign the first green lease in Sweden.
- The Riga property in Stockholm wins an EU prize for its low energy consumption.
- As one of the first companies in the industry, we appoint a Head of Sustainability.
- Green leases become the industry standard.
- Vasakronan is named the industry’s most attractive employer according to the Branschbarometern survey.
- We become the only green star in Sweden according to the Global Real Estate Sustainability Benchmark, a global sustainability survey for property companies.
- We issue the world’s first green corporate bond.
- Vasakronan becomes the first in Europe to certify existing properties according to LEED Volume.
- We are once again named the industry’s most attractive employer according to Branschbarometern.
- The company’s property value exceeds SEK 100 billion.
- We receive the Sweden Green Building Award for conducting operations sustainably.
- Vasakronan opens up Hötorgsterrassen in Stockholm, a terrace that had been closed for 40 years.
- The premiere of Cykel & Service on Mäster Samuelsgatan 56 in Stockholm.
- We are praised for our ground-breaking work with Green bonds and receive the Green Bond Award.
- The “Love Your City” initiative kicks off and wins the Swedish Confederation of Transport Enterprises’ Sustainability Award.
- Vasakronan is designated Sweden’s most sustainable property company in the Sustainable Brand Index B2B study.
- We launch a new, sharper framework for green bonds that also includes existing properties.
- We issue the world’s first green commercial paper.
- Vasakronan’s Head of Sustainability, Anna Denell, wins the 2018 Greenbuild Europe Leadership Award.
- Vasakronan ranks as the most sustainable property company in Europe and ninth in the world, according to the annual Global Real Estate Sustainability Benchmark (GRESB).
- Anna Denell, Head of Sustainability, receives the Aktuell Hållbarhet’s Årets bästa hållbarhetschef (Sustainability Manager of the Year) award.
And what about the company name? Vasakronan – the crown of Vasa
On 6 June 1523, Gustav Vasa was crowned the king of Sweden. He reigned until his death in September 1560 and is generally seen as the founder of the modern nation state of Sweden.
During his time, Sweden was united into one country under one crown, and he converted Sweden from Catholicism to Protestantism. A strong central authority was introduced during his time as ruler, and he strengthened both the influence of the state and the economy. He also built up and collected the state’s property holdings under a single management, which is how it remained until the beginning of the 1990s.
Then it was decided to privatise the majority of the state’s properties and in 1993 Akademiska Hus was founded to manage university and higher education properties. The properties suitable for private ownership were transferred to another company named Vasakronan, The Crown of Vasa, in memory of the king who laid the groundwork for the state’s property holdings.
In May 1997, Vasakronan divested its holdings of properties suited for operations with stringent security requirements (including courts, the Swedish Security Service and the Swedish Armed Forces) to a newly founded, publicly owned company – Specialfastigheter.
In 2008, the state sold Vasakronan to the Swedish national pension funds’ property company AP Fastigheter, which chose to keep the name Vasakronan, The Crown of Vasa.